Chronology of Malacca Sultanate

1.Typical Characteristics & Chronology of Finding In Malacca
2.Is Malacca or Melaka Today ? Which is Which ?
3.Chronology of Malacca Sultanate
4.Portuguese Currency : 1511 - 1641
5.Dutch Currency : 1641 - 1795 and 1818 - 1825
6.When Islamic Influence Found in Malacca..? Where is Malacca in 600 Years ?
7.When Chinese Influence Found in Malacca.. How It Develop ?
9. Conclusion

Century Currency Show 1 Century Currency Show 2Century Currency Show 3Century Currency Show 4 Century Currency Show 5 Century Currency Show 6 Gallery

The History of Melaka Century Currency 15th - 18th

Chronology of Malacca Sultanate

Parameswara ( Iskandar Shah) 1400 - 1414
Megat Iskandar Shah 1414 - 1424
Seri Maharajah Muhammad Shah 1424 - 1444
Seri Parameswara Dewa Shah (Raja Ibrahim) 1444 - 1445
Sultan Muzaffar Shah (Raja Kassim) 1445 - 1456
Sultan Mansur Shah (Raja Abdullah) 1456 - 1477
Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah 1477 - 1488
Sultan Ahmad bin Mahmud Shah 1488 - 1511

Early 15th century produced ingots currency originated from Malay Peninsula. First tin pagoda or pyramid shaped ingots appeared in Selangor,, Perak, Pahang, and to lesser degree, Kedah and Perlis. Another shapes of money were developing as well, besides of varieties of primitively formed tin ingots, various animal shaped ingots appeared in early 15th, or 14tth century, in quite a rough workmanship. The form of animal shaped ingots was originated both, from Hindu (e.g elephant) and from China (e.g. tortoise), it also carried the religious value. It was very common practice for Chinese customs by making an animal sacrifice before indulging in the customary celebration. Animal shaped were widely produced in Perak. A variety of ingot money (fighting cock ingot) was circulated in kedah & Perlis in 18th century. Another variety of ingots formed on pagoda and pyramid series in Pahang.

In fact, the first primitive form of native money appeared in Malay Peninsula Kra Istgmus Hindu Kingdom of Kalah in early 8th century .Southern Indochina and Malay Archipelago were under strong influence of India, where we all can witness it the flat coinage of this region. Chinese presence in this region, Chinese ingots also came into circulation, and developed new form of ingot currency

  • During the 120 years of the Malacca Sultanate period , the merchants who traded in this region, always used the common currency for their barter trading, gold dust, silver bars and tin ingots and blocks, together with those merchants from overseas, who bought over their trading currency, say, those from China, Chinese copper cash and currency at Ming Dynasty and surroundings areas, like Sumatra, Indochina, called Nusantara, are accepted as common currency for barter trading.

  • We may feel that the tin pitis coinage issued in the period of Sultan Muzzafar Shah shall be the early one, as it bear his name. Some of the Arabic inscriptions found with Islamic influence, may be were bought in by those Muslim traders from Southern India. Only recently, we found that some of the tin coins, minted with Sanskrit characters, with Hindu influence, may possibly be dated to early 8th century..this is new discovery, dating & etc, which need further archaeological data and academic research..we still work on it..8th century or 15th century of Malacca Currency.. This is the most exciting and challenging subject!

  • Cheng Ho Tin Coins shall be the typical unique and rare in its design and composition out of China territory found in oversea, normally called "Nanyang, oversea Chinese",in early 15th century.. but, minted in Malacca, one of the tin producing areas. Its country of origin of this nature of Coins, shall be in copper, minted in China, by the official authority of Ming Emperor, why found outside the territory of Mainland China, Ming Government, minted in Malacca, with tin composition, with Chinese character on the both sides?

  • Tin Animal Money is another most typical uniqueness in this region, not only very rare in this design and composition, but also its cultural and religion influence minted in such a high quality, with Buddhism characteristics and Chinese character of "Prosperous, Wealthy, Happiness, Lucky, Fortune..", standard in weight and design. Its workmanship, craftsmanship, crystallization and oxidization, deoxidization, tortoise, fish, buffalo, crab, crocodile, cockerel, goat and etc...this animal money were also found in Northern Thai, Indochina & Indonesia, are all these animal money originated from Mainland China.?

  • Scientific Lab Test For Tin Coinage? We strongly feel that all these series of tin minted coins shall be professionally appraised, evaluated and an official scientific laboratory tests shall be conducted, with the Government full cooperation. MAM have officially seek relevant authority of Malaysia government to help, but, we still waiting for their official reply and confirmation.


Melaka Century Currency -